Journal of Open Access to Law <p>JOAL is an open-access, peer-reviewed academic journal of international scope. &nbsp;Its purpose is to promote international research on the topic of open access to law.</p> <p>JOAL provides an international forum for academic researchers as well as for practitioners of open legal publishing. Central topics of concern include</p> <ul> <li class="show">critical construction of legal information methods</li> <li class="show">governance of new models of legal publishing</li> <li class="show">the relationship between open-access legal information and technology</li> <li class="show">projects in open access to law</li> <li class="show">the technical challenges and economic opportunities created by open access to law and public sector information</li> <li class="show">the economic dimensions of open access to law</li> <li class="show">trends and changes suggested by the globalization of access</li> </ul> <p>JOAL is meant to stimulate and promote an interdisciplinary approach to law, relocating classical topics in a new framework at the crossroads of law and history, law and literature, law and philosophy, law and technology, and law and AI.</p> <p>The Editorial Board invites the submission of essays, topical article, comments, critical reviews, which will be evaluated by an independent committee of referees on the basis of their quality of scholarship, originality, and contribution to reshaping legal views and perspectives.</p> <p><a title="Registration page" href="/index.php/joal/user/register">Registration</a> as an author is required in order to submit an article or note.</p> en-US Journal of Open Access to Law 2372-7152 <span style="font-size: 1em;">Copyright Agreement with Authors</span><br /> <p lang="en-GB">Authors submitting a paper to <em>JOAL</em> automatically agree to confer a limited license to <em>JOAL</em> if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. This license allows <em>JOAL </em>to publish a manuscript in a given issue, by any means, anywhere in the world. Authors whose submissions have been accepted then have a choice of:</p><ol> <li>Dedicating the article to the public domain. This allows anyone to make any use of the article at any time, including commercial use. A good way to do this is to use the Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication Web form; see <a href=""></a>.</li> <li>Retaining some rights while allowing some use. For example, authors may decide to disallow commercial use without permission. Authors may also decide whether to allow users to make modifications (<em>e.g.</em>translations, adaptations) without permission. A good way to make these choices is to use a Creative Commons license. <ul> <li>Go to <a href=""></a>.</li> <li>Choose and select license. Choose "generic" if you are in the U.S. and "text" for <em>JOAL</em> articles.</li> <li>What to do next — you can then e–mail the license html code to yourself. Do this, and then forward that e–mail to JOAL<em>’s</em> editors. Put your name in the subject line of the e–mail with your name and article title in the e–mail.</li> </ul> Background information about Creative Commons licenses can be found at <a href=""></a>.</li> <li>Retaining full rights, including translation and reproduction rights. Authors may use the statement: <em>© Author 2013 All Rights Reserved</em>. Authors may choose to use their own wording to reserve copyright. If you choose to retain full copyright, please add your copyright statement to the end of the article.</li></ol><p lang="en-GB"> </p> Theories of Open Access <div class="page" title="Page 1"><div class="layoutArea"><div class="column"><p><span>This article is an acknowledgement of the gap and frustrations created by a legal regime, which has provided the requisite legal covering for the exclusion of the generality from access to knowledge. It provides a theoretical analysis of open access from a multi-dimensional perspective inclusive of socio-economic, legal and political dimensions and explores the rationale for providing free, immediate, open and unrestricted access to the output of research. It seeks to identify and demonstrate the potential benefits of the open access movement to national and global development.</span></p></div></div></div><p> </p> Kunle Ola Copyright (c) 2018-09-26 2018-09-26 6 1 The use and perceptions of open Access resources by legal academics at the University of Cape Town (UCT) in South Africa <div class="page" title="Page 1"><div class="section"><div class="layoutArea"><div class="column"><p><span>Although access to primary legal materials in South Africa is now easily accessible as a result of the Free Access to Law movement, access to legal scholarship is not as easy. Through using the University of Cape Town (UCT) as a case study, due to its research intensive nature, it is possible to see how academics are publishing their legal scholarship through the use of bibliometrics and data mining. After the success of a Research Visibility month, law librarians were able to attest to the perceptions of legal academics around the importance of the openness and visibility of their research. The author contrasts these two to see if the perception of legal academics around the visibility of their resources reflects their publishing practices. It is seen that although academics at UCT publish mostly in closed journals, the publishing in open and hybrid journals has slowly increased during the period 2011-2015. Further it is evidenced that legal academics are exploring other avenues, including that of self-archiving, to boost the visibility of their work. Law Librarians are able to assist in boosting at least the visibility, if not the openness of legal academics’ work.</span></p></div></div></div></div> Elizabeth Moll-Willard Copyright (c) 2018-09-26 2018-09-26 6 1 e-Courts Project: A Giant Leap by Indian Judiciary <div class="page" title="Page 1"><div class="layoutArea"><div class="column"><p><span>This paper enumerates the efforts made by the Supreme Court of India and proposes a road map of how the existing Information and Communication Tech- nology (ICT) can help Indian judiciary to evolve as more technology driven with increased transparency. The main drive behind the efforts made by the Supreme Court is through e-Courts project. The Government of India has unleashed huge amount of funds to enhance the rate of justice and reduce the piling up of huge number of cases in the courts in India. Various steps have been taken to utilize the power of the Internet to ease the life of the litigant and all the other stakeholders in the process. The efforts are specially targeted to help the poor. The e-Courts project has led to scanning, digitization and digital preservation of case records, enabling video-conferencing for courts and jails, etc. A major outcome of the e- Courts project is the National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG). It provides an online, real time information on around 25 million pending cases in Indian courts are various levels. </span></p> <p><span>This paper also provides insights in the potential of ICT to be able to go far beyond than what is proposed in the e-Courts project. The e-Courts project has mainly provided a platform for the consolidation of the ICT infrastructure in the courts. In order to be able to use all this computing machinery efficiently, more services, beyond as envisaged in the e-Courts project have to be developed.</span></p></div></div></div> Kshitiz Verma Copyright (c) 2018-09-26 2018-09-26 6 1 Automatic Alignment of Multilingual Resources in the Linguistic Linked Open Data Cloud <div class="page" title="Page 1"><div class="layoutArea"><div class="column"><p><span>The creation of Europe’s Digital Single Market requires interoperable multilingual resources in the Linguistic Linked Open Data (LLOD) cloud. The PMKI project aims to create a public multilingual knowledge management infrastructure, able to establish and manage interoperability between multilingual classification systems (like thesauri) and other language resources. In this paper the standards used by PMKI and a methodology for automatic mapping between multilingual resources, based on an information retrieval framework, is presented.</span></p></div></div></div> Enrico Francesconi Peter Schmitz Fulgencio Sanmartin Najeh Hajlaoui Brahim Batouche Armando Stellato Copyright (c) 2018-09-28 2018-09-28 6 1